International criminal law is a field of criminal law dedicated to criminalizing a group of activities that are considered as international criminal acts, commonly known as war crimes against humanity. International criminal law encompasses crimes against property, such as forcibly removing people from their homes or killing them; crimes against persons, such as murder; attacks against civilians, which may include starvation, beheading, stoning, or using forced labor and slave labor; deportation or transfer to slave labor; slavery or human trafficking; piracy or war against other nations; and any war crime related to drugs or arms trade. International criminal law also encompasses crimes against institutions, such as banks, quarries, and universities. War crimes are also included in the definition of international criminal law.
The term ‘genocide’ is often used interchangeably with international criminal law, but they are two different crimes. A crime against humanity is also defined as “the practice of mass extermination, torture, or other crimes against humanity”. International human rights law recognizes the rights to life, liberty, security, privacy, and freedom of all human beings regardless of race, religion, national origin, or political affiliation. International human rights law seeks to prevent and eliminate all human rights abuses and violations, and to provide protection and assistance to those who have been subjected to such abuses. Continue reading