Jurnal “Suatu Analisis Pembelajaran Metode Audio –Lingual”

Sri Hardini, Zaini Munawir, Waridah Waridah



Judul Penelitian Mandiri ini adalah “ An Analysis of Audio-Lingual Method Learners (Suatu Analisis Pembelajaran Metode Audio –Lingual). Analisa yang dilakukan dititik beratkan dengan pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang diperlukan untuk komunikasi yang efektif dalam bahasa asing. Pembelajar Bahasa juga dituntut untuk memahami orang asing dan budaya bahasa asing tersebut yang bahasanya mereka pelajari.Tujuan pembelajaran method Audio –Lingual pembelajar bahasa harus memahami kehidupan sehari-hari masyarakat, sejarah masyarakat dan kehidupan sosial. Metode awalnya diperkenalkan untuk mempersiapkan masyarakat mengenai bahasa Asing secara lisan dalam waktu singkat, lebih menekankan pada bentuk-bentuk bahasa lisan. Namun metode tersebut tetap mempertimbangkan ketrampilan bahasa lainnya. Metode ini dianggap bahwa bentuk lisan, berbicara; dan mendengarkan; harus didahulukan dilakukan, membaca dan menulis menyusul kemudian. Metode ini didukung dan dipercaya bahwa pembelajar bahasa belajar lebih dulu seperti seorang anak belajar bahasa ibunya. Pertama kali dia mendengar suara dan kemudian dia mencoba mengeluarkan suara. Selanjutnya dia belajar membaca bentuk-bentuk tulisan. Fase tersebut dapat digambarkan bahwa belajar bahasa asing ada fase Reseptif dan fase aktif atau Reproduktif.

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Sri Hardini 1) Zaini Munawir 2) Hikmawan Syahputra 3)
Universitas Medan Area
srihardini@staff.uma.ac.id 1)  zaini@staff.uma.ac.id 2) hikmawansp@gmail.com 3)

The title of this Independent Research is An Analysis of The Total Physical Response Method Learning. In this method we will consider a new general approach to foreign language instruction which has been named “ the comprehension approach.” It is called this because of the importance it gives to listening comprehension. All the other methods we have looked at have students speaking in the target language from the first day. Method consistent with the comprehension approach, on the other hand, begin with the listening skill. The idea of focusing on listening comprehension during early foreign language instruction comes from observing how children acquire their mother tongue. The method has been developed from developmental psychology, learning theory and language learning procedures. The Total Physical Response Method Learning is based on the premise that the human brain has a biological program for acquiring any language. The teacher does not correct any student errors during oral communication. In the Total Physical Response Method, students listen and respond to the spoken target language commands of their teacher.

Keywords : total physical response, learning, method.

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